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The Subjunctive Mood


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1 The Subjunctive Mood

2 The Indicative Mood -Indicates what is true The Subjunctive Mood - things that are not part of perceived reality

3 Things we already know how to say: We know how to talk about things we want and things we want to do. Quiero comer plátanos. I want to eat bananas.

4 Things we already know how to say: We know how to talk about things other people do. Quiero comer plátanos. Elvis come plátanos. Elvis eats bananas.

5 Quiero comer plátanos. Elvis come plátanos. We don t know how to say what we want other people to do.

6 Quiero comer plátanos. Elvis come plátanos. We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. I want Elvis to eat bananas.

7 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank?

8 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank? Well, if I want Elvis to eat bananas, does that necessarily mean he is going to do it? No. Therefore, Elvis eating bananas is not part of reality. The only thing that is part of reality is that I want him to eat bananas.

9 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank? Well, if I want Elvis to eat bananas, does that necessarily mean he is going to do it? No. Therefore, Elvis eating bananas is not part of reality. The only thing that is part of reality is that I want him to eat bananas. Because Elvis eating bananas is not part of reality, I need to use a subjunctive verb to express that action.

10 In Spanish, a Spanish-speaker continually differentiates between things that are part of reality (past, present, or future), and things that are not part of reality.

11 In Spanish, a Spanish-speaker continually differentiates between things that are part of reality (past, present, or future), and things that are not part of reality. If things are part of reality, a Spanish-speaker chooses indicative verbs (the present, past, and future verbs we ve learned so far).

12 In Spanish, a Spanish-speaker continually differentiates between things that are part of reality (past, present, or future), and things that are not part of reality. If things are part of reality, a Spanish-speaker chooses indicative verbs (the present, past, and future verbs we ve learned so far). If things are not part of reality, a Spanish-speaker signals that by choosing a different kind of verb: a subjunctive verb.

13 Let s review for a moment: What are the normal (indicative) present-tense verb endings we are used to using? AR verbs: -o -amos -as -áis -a -an ER/IR verbs: o -emos/-imos -es -éis/-ís -e -en

14 When a Spanish speaker wants to signal that something is not part of reality, he switches these endings. He uses AR endings for ER/IR verbs, and uses ER endings for AR verbs. AR verbs: -o -amos -as -áis -a -an ER/IR verbs: o -emos/-imos -es -éis/-ís -e -en

15 When a Spanish speaker wants to signal that something is not part of reality, he switches these endings. He uses AR endings for ER/IR verbs, and uses ER endings for AR verbs. Use for yo ending in subjunctive AR verbs: -a -o -amos -as -áis -a -an Use for yo ending in subjunctive You never use the special IR present tense endings in subjunctive. ER/IR verbs: -e o -emos/-imos -es -éis/-ís -e -en Not part of reality? Use these for ER/IR verbs! Not part of reality? Use these for AR verbs!

16 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank?

17 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank? We know we need the verb comer. We know it is an ER verb, so we know we need to use AR endings. We know Elvis means we need to use the él/ella/ud. form.

18 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank? We know we need the verb comer. We know it is an ER verb, so we know we need to use AR endings. We know Elvis means we need to use the él/ella/ud. form. AR verbs: -a -o -amos -as -áis -a -an Not part of reality? Use these for ER/IR verbs!

19 We don t know how to say what we want other people to do. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. What goes in the blank? We know we need the verb comer. We know it is an ER verb, so we know we need to use AR endings. We know Elvis means we need to use the él/ella/ud. form. AR verbs: -a -o -amos -as -áis -a -an Not part of reality? Use these for ER/IR verbs!

20 Quiero comer plátanos. Elvis come plátanos. Yo quiero que Elvis plátanos. I want Elvis to eat bananas.

21 Quiero comer plátanos. Elvis come plátanos. Yo quiero que Elvis coma plátanos. I want Elvis to eat bananas.

22 Drusella compra una camisa. Drusella buys a shirt. Dogbert quiere que Drusella una camisa. Dogbert wants Drusella to buy a shirt.

23 Drusella compra una camisa. Drusella buys a shirt. Dogbert quiere que Drusella compre una camisa Dogbert wants Drusella to buy a shirt.

24 Dogbert quiere que Drusilla en su barrio. Dogbert wants Drusilla to live in his neighborhood.

25 Dogbert quiere que Drusilla viva en su barrio. Dogbert wants Drusilla to live in his neighborhood.

26 Dogbert quiere que Drusilla con Stu por teléfono. Dogbert wants Drusilla to talk with Stu on the phone.

27 Dogbert quiere que Drusilla hable con Stu por teléfono. Dogbert wants Drusilla to talk with Stu on the phone.

28 The subjunctive is based on the yo form in present tense.

29 The subjunctive is based on the yo form in present tense. Therefore, if a verb has an irregular yo form in the present (indicative) tense, this will affect all of the present subjunctive.

30 The subjunctive is based on the yo form in present tense. Therefore, if a verb has an irregular yo form in the present (indicative) tense, this will affect all of the present subjunctive. tener yo tengo salir yo salgo poner yo pongo traer yo traigo decir yo digo hacer yo hago conocer yo conozco conducir yo conduzco

31 The subjunctive is based on the yo form in present tense. When you need to use these verbs in present subjunctive, keep everything except the o and add the ending you need. tener yo tengo salir yo salgo poner yo pongo traer yo traigo decir yo digo hacer yo hago conocer yo conozco conducir yo conduzco

32 Maudette espera que yo un carro. tener = to have (ER verb) yo tengo Maudette hopes that I have a car. use teng add AR ending

33 Maudette espera que yo tenga un carro. tener = to have (ER verb) yo tengo Maudette hopes that I have a car. use teng add AR ending

34 Maudette espera que nosotros salir = to leave (IR verb) yo salgo a tiempo. use salg add AR ending Maudette hopes that we leave on time

35 Maudette espera que nosotros salir = to leave (IR verb) yo salgo salgamos a tiempo. use salg add AR ending Maudette hopes that we leave on time

36 Maudette espera que yo los libros en el estante. poner = to put (ER verb) yo pongo Maudette hopes that I put the books on the shelf. use pong add AR ending

37 Maudette espera que yo ponga los libros en el estante. poner = to put (ER verb) yo pongo Maudette hopes that I put the books on the shelf. use pong add AR ending

38 Maudette espera que tú bien. conducir = to drive (IR verb) yo conduzco Maudette hopes that you drive well. use conduzc add AR ending

39 Maudette espera que tú conduzcas bien. conducir = to drive (IR verb) yo conduzco Maudette hopes that you drive well. use conduzc add AR ending

40 A few verbs have irregular subjunctive forms Miren la página 9 del libro de texto dar estar ir saber ser

41 Maudette espera que nosotros amigos. Maudette hopes for us to be friends.

42 Maudette espera que nosotros seamos amigos. Maudette hopes for us to be friends.

43 Maudette espera que tú alegre. Maudette hopes for you to be happy.

44 Maudette espera que tú estés alegre. Maudette hopes for you to be happy.

45 Maudette espera que tú la información. Maudette hopes that you know the information.

46 Maudette espera que tú sepas la información. Maudette hopes that you know the information.

47 Maudette espera que tú a la fiesta. Maudette hopes that you go to the party.

48 Maudette espera que tú vayas a la fiesta. Maudette hopes that you go to the party.

49 Maudette espera que sus padres le una muñeca para la Navidad. Maudette hopes that her parents give her a doll for Christmas.

50 Maudette espera que sus padres le den una muñeca para la Navidad. Maudette hopes that her parents give her a doll for Christmas.

51 Maudette espera que Dogbert no le comida para la Navidad. Maudette hopes that Dogbert doesn t give her food for Christmas.

52 Maudette espera que Dogbert no le dé comida para la Navidad. Maudette hopes that Dogbert doesn t give her food for Christmas.

53 The example in the textbook (read page 8). Juan es un alumno bueno. Estudia mucho. Recibe buenas notas.

54 Juan estudia mucho y recibe buenas notas. The example in the textbook (read page 8). Los padres de Juan quieren que él estudie mucho y que reciba buenas notas.

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